This is mostly inspired by our mayor's response to recent (probably) gang violence, saying, when asked about support for social programs: "The best social program is a job, and if you can entice people to get to the city, create jobs, kids are going to be working until 10 or 11 at night". The sentiment can be applied to other contexts. E.g., some governments prefer "make work" projects (even if no useful work is being done) to just paying welfare.
This is of particular interest to me because I generally believe we should be working (haha) towards allowing people to work less. What say you?